This data service provides the Greenwich mean and apparent sidereal time, local mean and apparent sidereal time, and the Equation of the Equinoxes for specified time(s).

Data will be provided for a three year period from 1 January of the preceding year through 31 December of the following year. For dates outside of this range, see MICA.

Use Form A for cities or towns in the U.S. or its territories. Use Form B for all other locations. Both forms are immediately below.

Be sure to read the Notes section (on this page beyond the two forms) for definitions and additional details on the data.

### Form A - U.S. Cities or Towns

### Form B - Locations Worldwide

### Notes

#### How to Import the Table into a Spreadsheet

Open your favorite text editor, then copy the numerical part of the table (i.e., do not copy the table headings) from your browser and paste it into the text editor. Save the data as a text file.

In Excel for Windows, select Data on the menu bar, then From Text. Select your saved text file. Choose fixed width in the dialog box.

In Excel for Mac, select Data on the menu bar, then Get External Data, then Import from Text File. Select your saved text file. Choose fixed width in the dialog box.

#### Sidereal Time

Sidereal time is equal to the hour angle of the catalog equinox and is a direct measure of the diurnal rotation of the Earth. Apparent sidereal time is defined by the intersection of the true equator of date with the ecliptic of date and is affected by the precession and nutation of the axis of the Earth. Mean sidereal time is measured against the mean equinox of date and is only affected by precession.

The tabulated sidereal times are given in hours,
minutes and seconds, rounded to the nearest 10^{-4} second. The hours and
minutes refer to both the mean and apparent sidereal times, since the two
quantities differ by very little. The tabulated seconds may occasionally be
greater than or equal to 60, which indicates that the associated sidereal
time lies in the next whole minute greater than the one given in the table.
For example, a tabulated apparent sidereal time of 6h 40m 60.1000s is
equivalent to 6h 41m 00.1000s.

#### Equation of the Equinoxes

The Equation of the Equinoxes is equal to the apparent sidereal time minus the mean sidereal time.

#### Equation of Time

The Equation of Time is the difference apparent solar time minus mean solar time. To obtain this value for a specified time, calculate the apparent geocentric right ascension and declination of the Sun using the Geocentric Positions of Major Solar System Objects and Bright Stars service.